Does unemployment increase alcohol consumption?
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- Answered 11 Oct 2019 Conflict of interest declaration: None A search on Trip reveals a number of promising articles https://www.tripdatabase.com/search?criteria=alcohol+and+unemployment In reverse chronological order: Does Unemployment Lead to Greater Alcohol Consumption?  “All results show a positive and significant effect of unemployment on drinking behaviors and the findings are robust to numerous sensitivity tests.” Unemployment and Health: An overview of current research results and data from the 2010 and 2012 German Health Update  “Regarding alcohol consumption, no systematic relationship was found.” Unemployment in the teens and trajectories of alcohol consumption in adulthood  “High-level alcohol consumption throughout adulthood is, particularly among men, partly due to ‘scars’ from youth unemployment, particularly in men, but there are also groups of men and women where unemployment in the teens predicts a trajectory of low consumption.” Modelling possible causality in the associations between unemployment, cannabis use, and alcohol misuse  “The present findings support both social causation and social selection arguments, by indicating that unemployment plays a causal role in substance misuse, and that it is also likely that a reverse causal process whereby substance misuse increases the risk of unemployment.” A search beyond Trip found additional references. Public Health England report  “Significant negative health impacts can arise as a result of unemployment, both for the individual and their families. This impact worsens when it involves alcohol misuse. Studies from Europe and the US conclude that alcohol misuse is more likely to start or escalate after unemployment begins.” The 2018 Paper “Empirical relation between unemployment and alcohol beverage consumption in Korea”  reports: “The results from this analysis indicate substantial causal interactions between unemployment rate and drinking behaviour.” Finally, I highly recommend reading the Institute of Alcohol Studies 2014 factsheet “Socioeconomic groups and alcohol”  References 1) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3609661/ 2) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26631007 3) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4809082/ 4) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28088618 5) https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/health-matters-harmful-drinking-and-alcohol-dependence/health-matters-harmful-drinking-and-alcohol-dependence 6) https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/10.1504/IJEBR.2018.093369 7) http://www.ias.org.uk/uploads/pdf/Socioeconomic%20groups/Socioeconomic%20groups%20and%20alcohol%20factsheet%20February%202014.pdf